In my opinion, allowing a poor person to sell their organ is an exploitative practice because it encourages people to sell their organs. The rich who may afford to buy organs can improve their quality of life and can even prolong their life by depriving the poor from their fundamental right of living as they sell their organs due to needing money. On the other hand, it is also a harsh reality that a poor person may prefer to sell his organs instead of working hard to make his living; this has been a common case with selling blood and sperm in the past. Therefore, I believe that organs sales should not be allowed, and organs only should be donated in case a person volunteers for it or if he dies.
As a support to my notion of not allowing organ trade from human, I can present research articles such as one by Held et al (2018). In this article, the authors have shared many stories on how the paid kidney transplants increase the chance that poor will be encouraged to donate their kidneys even if they risk their own lives. On the other hand, the people who suffer from serious kidney diseases may live with life-long dialysis, but since they belong from the privileged class, they could afford to buy a kidney. As a result, the health risks for the poor increases which in turn makes the practice of paid organ donation unethical.
I will define the term “exploitative” to explain some practice which takes an unethical advantage of a person or situation. For example, when people are forced to work at a lower-than-average rate, they are exploited. Similarly, when people sell their organs due to compulsions of making money, they are being exploited by the rich sectors of society.