Terrorism has become a global issue today. The 9/11 attack in the United States proves the fact that the countries worldwide need to join hands and fight against any terrorist activities that pose a challenge to both industrialized and industrializing nations. The paper explores how the 9/11 has affected the policing of Homeland Security in the United States.
The horrifying events and outcomes of the 11th September 2001 terrorist attack on the Twin Towers of the World Trade Centre and Pentagon have dramatically altered the attitudes of the United States towards the notion of terrorism. The terrorist attack urged the Government to change its mode of thinking concerning the global security. Earlier, America used to view terrorism as a distant activity directed against isolated targets by individuals driven by personal motives. Less than 20 years ago, terrorism was indeed of little concern to the United States.
The terrorist attack on the Pentagon and Twin Towers brought the threat to the United States. There were at least three primary causes of the tragedy: the increase and spread of knowledge and engineering aimed at creating weapons of mass devastation, the emergence of the scallywag nations, as well as the development of the international terrorism into several influential organizations like Al-Qaeda. Because of this attack, the United States no longer could enjoy the luxury of assuming that the military conflict was a thing of the yesteryear.
There were vivid pictures of the tragedy televised as well as numerous reports and pictures of people facing their deaths and of professionals trying to distinguish the body parts of the victims. Similarly, the 9/11 attack has shown that the cost of inaction is extremely high since the possibility of a direct aggression against the United States can cause death of many civilians as well as massive destruction of property. Moreover, the 9/11events have revealed the problems in the American National Security.
The 9/11 attack got several responses from the government, professionals, and citizens of the country. The firefighters, police officers, as well as medical workers demonstrated their heroism in saving lives of hundreds of people. That day, every American came home bearing in mind the new dimension of the international terrorist threat. As a response strategy to the 9/11 attack, the new security precautions were designed for airports and other possible targets. As a result, the security concerns became internationalized. Initially, by noon of 9/11, all commercial airliners were grounded and President Bush issued a directive to shoot down any plane that refused to land, even if it carried innocent civilians.
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In the aftermath of the 9/11 attack, the Americans faced a brand-new warfare and unique kind of danger. After the terrorist attack, the country had to design principles of domestic response to potential threats, and the Congress passed legislation granting the President extensive powers to fight terrorist activities and ensure improved security for the country.
The September 11, 2001 terrorism attack on the Twin Towers brought about the reality of terror home. The attack caused significant challenges that altered the traditional law enforcement, as well as changed the mindset and raised awareness of both the police and public. Because of the attack, the United States has developed a special course for the Homeland Security professionals, students, and government policymakers. During the course, the learners adopt a new mindset and study the challenges facing the law enforcement structures and public, as well as learn proactive intelligence and counterterrorism measures that can be implemented on the local level.
The 9/11 terrorist attack posed a threat to the United States and caused major reinforcement and development of the new strategies to fight against the terrorist activities. The attack has also introduced an era of Homeland Security.